Most cells in the body go through a normal process of wear and replacement. Brain cells do not. They live a very long time, but they do eventually die, and there is currently no means for removing them from the brain or for replacing them if they were removed.
Complicating this matter is the fact that much long-term memory seems to be stored in the physical structure of the brain itself. Simply putting in a new neuron would not ensure its proper connection, possibly leading to memory loss or even loss of motor control.
Suggest solutions. Extra points will be given for solutions that use the biological human brain rather than a mesh.